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Confronting Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing with Proper Port and Flagged States Policies: The Case of South Korea and European Union

Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing is one of the main issues in the fishery industry. This issue can’t be limited to only developed or developing nations and all nations can be the victim of this act. There are three bottle necks in controlling IUU fishing, first the coastal state, second the flagged state and finally the port state. Many Coastal states are not capable of protecting and monitoring their waters due to high costs; also many flagged states are not eager to monitor their vessels due to the same issue. European Union (EU) as one of the largest seafood consuming region plays an important role in preventing IUU fishing. This paper explains, the case of Korea as the 3rd largest distant water fishing nation in the world. South Korea was listed in the IUU black list in 2013 and was forced by two EU leverages (Normative Power and Market Power) to take necessary actions such as applying proper monitoring systems to all its distant water fishing vessels. Due to these acts, Korea was removed from IUU list in 2015.


Amaj Rahimi Midani* and Sang-Go Lee

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