Egg adhesiveness has been a major problem affecting the hatchability of Clarias gariepinus. The removal of egg stickiness will improve aquaculture production through enhanced hatching rates. However, appropriate media for removal of adhesiveness in Catfish eggs is not yet well established. This study therefore, determine the optimum concentration and rinsing time of powdered milk (PM), Urea (UR) and Tannic acid (TA) for removal of adhesiveness of African catfish eggs and their effect on fertility and hatching success. Milt and eggs obtained from African Catfish broodstock of the same lineage were used for induced breeding following standard procedure. Four hundred fertilized eggs each were rinsed in the three different media at varying concentrations and exposure time using dry and wet fertilization methods. Treatment efficacy was assessed by comparing the percentage of non-stick eggs, fertilization, hatching and survival rate in the treatment groups and the control. Data were subjected to multivariate general linear model and Duncan multiple range tests at α0.05. Under the wet fertilization method eggs exposed to 10 g PM at 20 minutes gave the highest number of free eggs (87.50%) while 6g UR at 5 minutes recorded the lowest (27.09%). In dry method, 14 g PM at 20 minutes recorded the highest number of free eggs (90.00%) whereas, the lowest (47.50%) was recorded in 6 g urea at one minute rinsing time. The highest number of hatchlings for PM, UR and TA were 53.26%, 33.24%, and 13.13%, respectively. The survival rate was high in all treatments except in 1.5 g TA. Eggs treated with PM solution performed best in adhesiveness removal and recorded highest percentage fertilization and hatching rate. However, more studies should be conducted to establish the appropriate media for other culture fish species.
Kareem OK*, Ajani EK, Akintunde MA, Olanrewaju AN and Oduntan OB
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