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Historical Development and Future Projection of Aquaculture in the Black Sea Region

Aquaculture in the Black Sea Region is initiated in inland water with rainbow trout in 1972. Sea cage farms in the region are founded in 1990’s years purposed to grow out of rainbow trout, sea bass and sea bream. Recently sea trout and turbot are lunched to sector. Mussel, brown meagre, sturgeon and mullet species are considering as potential species. In this study, foundation and development of all fish farms in the region were evaluated and investigated historical development thoroughly. Also a future projection was made for region. Data utilized in this study are derived from records of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affair and collected field study. There are 10 sea cage farms in the Black Sea Region and their trout production capacity is total 3500 tons/year and sea bass production capacity is total 750 tons/year. The number of inland farms is about 500 with 12000 tons /year overall capacity. Somewhat apart, carp is produced in 8 farms with about overall 40 tons/year. Even thought small fluctuation has been observed year by year, it is estimated that aquaculture production of Black Sea region will be reach about 29000 tons/year in 2030. Recent years, willing of new farms construction and increase of the present farms capacities with 35 years aquaculture production experience, development of aquaculture sector with environmental friendly will increase the productivity and diversity of sources of income, and additionally economic and social development in the region.

Author(s): Bilal AKBULUT

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