Aquaculture production is developing increasingly in the world and, as years go by is becoming a viable alternative to the exhaustion of resources from catching fish. Currently one-half of all food fish supply comes from aquaculture. The increase in aquaculture production meets a growing demand for fish, but also corresponds to a reduction in catches by industrial and small-scale fishing. For ACP Group States, important progress has been done to promote aquaculture however with differing stages of development depending of the investments and capacities of each county and region stretching from commercial phase of development to the initial stage of growth. For these countries, aquaculture sector often encounters problems, among which are institutional constraints, poor management practices and environmental risks such as water pollution, propagation of diseases to fish-farm populations, excessive use of antibiotics and harmful effects on biodiversity.
Pierre Failler and Hachim El Ayoubi