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Length–Weight Relationships of Five Freshwater Fish Species from the Hatay Province, Turkey

Gülnaz Özcan*

Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Fisheries, Department of Hydrobiology, Antakya, Hatay-Turkey

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Gülnaz ÖZCAN, Mustafa Kemal University
Faculty of Fisheries, Department of Hydrobiology
31040, Antakya, Hatay-TURKEY
Tel: (+90 326) 245 58 45/1377
Fax: (+90 326) 245 58 17
E-mail: [email protected] and [email protected]
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Length–weight relationships of freshwater fish species which are Carasobarbus luteus, Chondrostoma regium, Clarias gariepinus, Anguilla anguilla and Cyprinus carpio from the Hatay province, Turkey were investigated. Values of the parameter “b” of length-weigth reltionships (W=aLb) ranged from 2.767 to 3.282.

Key words

Length–weight relationships, Carasobarbus luteus, Chondrostoma regium, Clarias gariepinus, Anguilla anguilla, Cyprinus carpio


Hatay has many freshwater resources which are Asi river, Gölbaşı lake, Karasu and Afrin stream system. Carp, sand smelt, catfish, siraz and chub are the natural freshwater species in the commercial fish market in Hatay region. Hatay is one of one place in production of chub, siraz, sand smelt in the Mediterranean region ( Akyurt, et. al., 2003). Siraz and carp are most caught fish and rainbow trout only one species cultured in inland waters in Hatay region.

Length–weight relationships of fish are useful in fisheries ecology and stock assessment for converting growth-in-length to growth-inweight, for estimating condition factor, for geographic comparisons of life histories (Pauly, 1983; Petrakis and Stergiou, 1995; Gonçalves, et. al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2007). Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the length–weight relationships of five freshwater fish species from the Hatay province, Turkey.

Material and Methods

The fish samples were collected from the commercial fish markets in the Hatay province from March to May 2003. Specimens were identified according to the Geldiay and Balık (1999) and measured to the nearest centimetre total length (TL) and weighted to the nearest gram total weight (W). The LWR for the total body weight was calculated using the equation: W=a*TLb; where W is the total weight (g), TL is the total length (cm), a and b are the parameters of equation. Confidence limits of the parameter b were estimated %95 (Santos, et. al., 2002).

Results and Discussion

The results of the L-W analysis of five fish species are given Table 1. Fish samples of the species examined in this study ranged from 95 (Cyprinus carpio) to 212 (Anguilla anguilla); b values varied from 2.767 (Anguilla anguilla) to 3.282 (Chondrostoma regium); r2 values ranged from 0.709 (Chondrostoma regium) to 0.983 (Cyprinus carpio). As to type of growth, isometric growth in one species, negative allometry in two species and positive allometry in two species were obtained (Table 1).


Table 1. Length - weight relationships for five fish species from the Hatay region, based on W=aLb

For Atatürk Dam Lake, L-W relationships for four fish species were presented (Başusta and Çiçek, 2006), one of which is also included here in this species is C. luteus (b=2.970, r2=0.959). Torcu-Koç et. al., 2006 presented L-W relationships for 30 freshwater fish from Turkey, four of which is also included herein, these species are C. luteus (b=3.08, r2=0.984), C. regium (b=3.24, r2=0.927), C. gariepinus (b=2.99, r2=0.922 for female, b=2.85, r2=0.914 for male).


To the author’s best knowledge, this study is the first reference on length–weight relationships for fish species that is Anguilla anguilla in the Turkish inland water. Also no LWR estimates were previously available for these species inhabiting the Hatay region that is presented in this study for first time.


Akyurt, I., Türkmen, M., Özcan, T., Tepe, Y., Türkmen, A.AndNarin, G., (2003). Fisheries of Hatay.A Regional Workshop on Fisheries, Aquaculture and Environment.29-30 April 2003 Tishreen University- Lattakia, Syria.

Basusta, N and Çiçek, E., (2006). Lengthweight relationships for some teleost fishes caught in Atatürk dam lake on southeastern Anatolia, Turkey. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 22: 279-280.

Froese, R and Pauly, D., (2007).FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication,; (26,05.2007).

Geldiay, R. and Balik, S., (1999). Freshwater Fishes in Turkey, (in Turkish).EgeÜniv. Su Ür. Fak.Yayinlari, No:46, (3. Baski), EgeÜniversitesiBasimevi, Bornova-Izmir, pp532 .

Gonçalves, J.M.S., Bentes, L., Lino, P.L., Libeino, J., Canario, A.V.M and Erzini, K., (1997). Weight-length relationships for selective fish species of the small scaledemersal fisheries off the South and Southwest coast of Portugal. Fish.Res. 30: 253- 256.

Pauly, D., (1983).Some simple methods for the assessment of tropical fish stocks.FAO Fish. Tech. Rap. 234, 52.

Petrakis, G., Stergiou, K.I., (1995). Weightlength relationships for 33 fish species in Greek water. Fish. Res. 21: 465-469.

Santos, M.N., Gaspar, M.B., Vasconcwlos, P.V and Monteiro, C.C., (2002). Weightlength relationships for 50 selected fish species of the Algarve Coast (Southhern Portugal). Fisheries Research.59: 289- 295.

Torcu-Koç, H., Erdogan, Z and Treer, T., (2006).A review of length-weight relationships of fishes from freshwaters of Turkey. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 22: 264-270
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